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Australian History Briefs - 2

Grandpa Pencil takes a brief look at some of Australia's famous women in history.

 

Granny Smith

In the early 1900's Maria Anne Smith cultivated a green apple with tremendous cooking and keeping qualities at her property in Eastwood, a Sydney suburb.
In 1895 the apple was planted at the Bathurst Government Experimental station and has remained a firm favourite to this day.

 

Daisy Bates
(1861 - 1951)

Daisy Bates came to Australia from Ireland in 1884.
She became widely known for her social work among the Aborigines where she offered help whilst respecting their tribal laws.
Her main interests were the very young, the very old and the sick.
Ms Bates was created C.B.E. in 1934.

 

Caroline Chisholm
(1808 - 1877)

In an age of almost total male dominance anywhere outside the kitchen, Caroline Chisholm was known as the friend of the immigrants.
Caroline helped countless female settlers (both women and girls) find employment, food and shelter in the colony.
She also escorted groups of young girls over little traveled country to help them safely settle in to good lives.

 

Elizabeth Macarthur
(1769 - 1850)

During her husband's long absences from Australia for various reasons, over 12 years in all, Mrs. Macarthur developed and extended his farming and grazing interests.
Despite John Macarthur's claims to the contrary, Elizabeth was, in fact, the backbone of our wool industry's world prominence.

 

Grace Bussell
(1860 - 1935)

In 1876 a steamer went aground on the rocks near Busselton, Western Australia.
Although only 16 at the time Grace rode her horse into the surf and rescued a number of drowning children, continuing until she was exhausted.
The people of Western Australia still remember her with pride.

 

Mary Reiby
(1777 - 1855)

Mary Reiby was transported to Australia at the age of 13 for a childish prank.
Her husband became a ship owner and Mrs. Reiby took over the business upon his death managing the ships and farm extremely well.
It is believed that her business dealings were the basis for the Bank of New South Wales which, it is claimed, was operated out of a chest at her home.